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Research and Citation

You know you have to cite your work, but you're not sure how. Take a look at this guide to help get you started.

Common Types of MLA Citation

MLA Works Cited Page

Modern Language Association. The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th Ed. New York: Modern Language Association, 2009. Print. Fig 12

Entries in the works cited list are alphabetized by the author's last name. 

Read more about MLA Works cited lists at the OWL @ Purdue...


How to cite: An Article in a scholarly journal

Last name, First name. "Title of article." Journal title volume#.issue# (year of publication): page range. Print.

If you accessed the material through a database or online, instead of "Print", type "Web.", then the date you accessed the material. Here's an example: 

Jones, John. "Silent Poetry." Journal of Really Serious Poetry 34.2 (2005): 181-195. Web. 20 July 2010.

Read more about citing articles at the OWL @ Purdue...


How to cite: A Book

Last name, First name. Title of book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year. Print.

Here's an example with multiple authors:

Grey, Gary, Trish McCary, and William Tory. The Art of Carving with Ice Skates: A Memoir. Dallas: Scribner, 2010. Print.

Read more about citing books at the OWL @ Purdue...


In text Citations

There are a few ways to cite your sources in the text of your paper. Perhaps the easiest is to apply a parenthetical notation including the author's last name and the page number of the idea you are referencing after you talk about it. That might look like this (Jones 185). 

However, when you use this method it isn't always clear where your thoughts end and the referenced thoughts begin. Whenever possible, introduce your source in your sentence: Jones talks about silent poetry as if it were aloud (185). When you do this, you can include only the page number, because the name is already mentioned. This also makes it clearer to your reader where the borrowing begins and ends. 

Read more about MLA in-text citations at the OWL @ Purdue...


Things to remember:

When you borrow directly from the the text, you must put the borrowed words in quotation marks (" "), and provide a citation. Whenever possible, paraphrase the ideas into your own words, but still provide a citation.

In-text citations always go after the quotation marks if you are quoting, but before the period at the end of your sentence. 

Citation Builders

Use the following citation builders to quickly and easily build citations for your papers. Keep in mind though that no citation builder is perfect, and it is your responsibility to provide accurate citations to your papers. Make sure you know enough about your citation style to spot any errors. 

Microsoft Word and the EBSCO database both have integrated citation building features.